LED Grow Lights
LED Grow Lights
When growing hydroponics indoor one of the most important factors to decide is which lights to use. LED lights have not always been popular, but thanks to the technology advancements LED lights is a force to be reckoned with. With the modern LED lighting, you will be able to save energy and money. LED manufacturers have developed special lenses to point light directly to the plants and increase penetration, resulting in bigger yields for the same amount of light compared to the other lighting solutions.
When compared to the HID light, LED lighting will save you about 40% of the energy consumption. So, the energy savings are enormous. Furthermore, they take up less space, emit light faster, and are more durable and shock-resistant than HID lights.
Another big advantage is the risk of fire. HID lights can become extremely hot while good LED lights can run a bit cooler even after several hours of being turned on.
We here at Hydrax Horticulture Supplies distribute high class LED grow lights for your hydroponic indoor systems as well as those of you who use a grow tent, the LED lights are perfect grow tent lights. We are one of the top suppliers for grow lights in South Africa. The two companies we use are Mars Hydro Lights and Kroptek Sunblast LED Lights.
Just like the Mars Hydro Grow Tent, the Mars Hydro Lights do not disappoint, they are manufactured for home growers all the way to professional growers. The purpose of the company is to help growers get the most suitable light and highest yield for a lower cost. The Mars Hydro lights can be used in greenhouse grow, vertical grow and indoor grow (includes grow tents). The wonderful thing about Mars Hydro light are they are produced to give a more natural light, so no glasses are required, and the aluminum cover and reflector dispenses better heat and light.
The objective of Kroptek is to create and enable the cost-effective light source for organic farming everywhere in the world. By doing this it will have a positive impact on the environment, reducing freshwater consumption with the hydroponic system, energy needs from LED lights which use less energy than normal lights and reducing carbon footprint by 90% (subject to setup, location, and crop type). Kroptek has been innovating with their LED lights in that they have been focusing their research on achieving a light solution that will give you top quality with enhanced yield in crops. In their research they have come up with a LED light that prioritizes in replicating natural light throughout the spectrum giving you a combination of blue and red light but adding green light as well which though their studies indicate in positively impacts plant health.
Kroptek’s lights are fully waterproof, uses fan-less cooling technology and comes with a 90-degree lens angle which means that the hanging distance is equal to the coverage area.
It is important to remember that plants need darkness just as much as they need light. Like humans and animals, plants also need a rest period to refresh and revitalize. Using an indoor grow light, you want to stimulate this photoperiod with 15-16 hours of light and 10-12 hours of darkness. It is best to have your lights connected to a timer to switch it on and off giving your plants 10-12 hours of darkness every day.
The plants you want to grow will have different requirements when it comes to light exposure. Short-day plants require longer periods of darkness, thus being exposed to light for more than 12 hours a day these plants will not bud, for example strawberries and cauliflower. While long-day plants require long periods of light, up to 18 hours, like lettuce and potatoes. If you have neutral plants like eggplants or corn, you can have them in any type of light they will still produce.
If you have a mixture of all three, then you must find a happy medium for all the plants to be happy in, so setting your timer for the plants to be exposed to 12-14 hours of light will be perfect and produce strong yields.
When choosing your hydroponic lighting system, you must consider the four main parts, which is the bulb, the reflector hood, the remote ballast, and the timer.
- Bulb: Choosing an LED or HID bulb. The HID bulb is your cheaper bulbs, popular for home growers, good for both flowering and vegetative growth. LED bulbs are more expensive but uses little power and gives off virtually no heat and can simulate colour temp of sunlight.
- Reflector hood: This is the reflective casing around the bulb and helps increase the effectiveness and efficiency of the bulb.
- Remote ballast: This is a power box that powers the light, it is the most expensive part, but it does supply most of the power. Make sure to not leave it on the floor as it must avoid moisture.
- Timer: This is to automatically switch your lights on and off